|Born||13 January 1891|
|Died||6 September 1980 (aged 89)|
|Service/||British Indian Army|
|Years of service||1908–1946|
|Commands held||British Troops in China (1941)|
19th Indian Infantry Brigade (1940–41)
3rd Indian Infantry Brigade (1939–40)
3rd Battalion 9th Jat Regiment (1937–39)
4th Battalion 9th Rajput Regiment (1936–37)
|Battles/wars||First World War|
Russian Civil War
Second World War
|Awards||Companion of the Order of the Bath|
Mentioned in Despatches (4)
|Relations||Air Vice Marshal Sir Paul Maltby (brother)|
Major General Christopher Michael Maltby, (13 January 1891 – 6 September 1980) was a senior officer in the British Indian Army who served as Commander of British Troops in Hong Kong in 1941 before the Japanese invasion of Hong Kong, after which he became a prisoner of war.
He served in the First World War and then went to the Staff College in Quetta in 1923. He served on the North West Frontier in India and then became a General Staff Officer at Army Headquarters in India in 1925. He went on to the Staff College at Andover in 1927 and then was appointed Deputy Assistant Adjutant General at Army Headquarters in India in 1930. He returned to the North West Frontier in India in 1937 and then became an instructor at the Staff College at Quetta in 1938 before being appointed a General Staff Officer in Baluchistan District in India in 1939.
He served in the Second World War initially as Commander of 3rd Jhelum Brigade, then as Commander of the Calcutta Brigade, and finally as Commander of 19th Indian Infantry Brigade in Deccan District in India.
He was made Commander of British Troops in China in August 1941. He initially established a 10-mile line of defence known as Gin Drinkers Line across the Southern part of the mainland but was rapidly forced to withdraw his troops back to Hong Kong Island. General Takashi Sakai began a bombardment of the Island and, after a brief counter-attack by British Troops which commenced on 19 December 1941, Maltby surrendered to the Japanese at Queen's Pier on 25 December 1941. He was a prisoner of war from 1941 to 1945.
Reverting to his permanent rank of colonel, Maltby retired on 10 June 1946. He was granted the honorary rank of major-general on 10 June 1946. In 1953, Maltby was granted a commission as a Deputy Lieutenant of Somerset.
- Christopher Michael Maltby Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives
- Fall of Hong Kong
- Photos of the fall of Hong Kong
- "No. 37674". The London Gazette. 2 August 1946. p. 3939.
- "No. 37809". The London Gazette (Supplement). 3 December 1946. p. 5953.
- "No. 39954". The London Gazette. 4 September 1953. p. 4750.